Tension headaches are the
most common. They are from no apparent disease and are triggered by
emotional stress. Women are more commonly affected. Persisting tension
headaches must be investigated to rule out eye strain, dental problems,
sinusitis, jaw-occlusion problems or cervical arthritis which are normally
not symptomatic but present as headache precipitated by stress and should
not be dismissed as psychological. Your local doctor can help.
Vascular headache is produced
by a variety of blood vessel problems. Extraordinary swings in blood
pressure may cause transient headache. Acute severe headache with or
without disturbance in consciousness is usually due to bleeding in the
brain precipitated by
rise in blood pressure; or
aneurysms (abnormal ballooning of blood vessel); or
arteriovenous malformations (abnormal bunch of blood vessels) and
hospitalization. Inflammation of scalp blood vessels cause headache with
tender spots, usually on the sides and require further investigations.
Migraine usually occurs on
the one side of the head. The classic type starts with a premonitory sign
such as blind spots, localized weakness or numbness which clears as the
headache disappears. Nausea or vomiting may be associated. Women are more
susceptible. The problem may run in families. Various medications are
available for effective control. Only your doctor can select the one that
Headache is the late symptom
of brain tumor. Typically the patient wakes up with headache which gets
worse day by day and is associated with nausea, vomiting, visual problems
and/or progressive weakness of limbs. It requires urgent investigations.
Facial pain may be sharp,
short-lived and confined to one side of the face and is usually due to
involvement of the nerve supplying that part of the face. They are often
mistaken for tooth-ache. It is easily controlled with medication. If
medication fails surgery may help.
More diffuse and chronic pain, usually called
atypical facial pain, must be evaluated for more malignant causes such as
throat cancer or tooth abscess..
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